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In addition, they perform a wide range of procedures to address both functional and aesthetic concerns.
Their work can be broadly categorized into two main areas:
Reconstructive Surgery: This branch focuses on restoring form and function to areas of the body that have been affected by injury, illness, or congenital defects. They may reconstruct facial structures after trauma, repair damaged hands, treat burn patients, and rebuild breasts after cancer surgery.
Cosmetic Surgery: This branch focuses on enhancing the appearance of the face and body. Plastic surgeons may perform facelifts to reduce wrinkles and sagging skin, augment breasts, contour the body through liposuction, reshape noses, and tighten abdominal muscles with tummy tucks.
Craniofacial Surgeons: Focus on reconstructing and enhancing the face and skull
Hand Surgeons: Specialize in restoring function and improving the appearance of the hand and wrist
Maxillofacial Surgeons: Focus on treating injuries and abnormalities of the face, jaws, and mouth
Oculoplastic Surgeons: Specialize in reconstructive and cosmetic procedures around the eyes
Pediatric Plastic Surgeons: Focus on treating children with congenital defects or acquired injuries